Here's all the info that you need to build it http://www.instructables.com/id/The-One-Chip-Spinning-RGB-POV-Display-with-conve/step2/Downloads/
If you follow the instructable then you should be fine.
- I see your ride plate is very long, that is to do well the counter? because the previous one did, the circuit was not going very small and put a metal weight to level well, to know if you have a mechanical reason I should know.
I am not sure what you mean by the above quote. Could you explain a little more?
- What is it and for serving the "Hall effect sensor ", but if it enters the MCLR must be a pulse generator or something? or is it to send the write signal to the PIC by the magnet?
The hall effect sensor and magnet is there for position sensing so that the display will always draw from the same place.
- Finally, my controller will not detect the PIC18f4680 me, and do not quite understand much the operation of PIC Programmer. I saw you leave 5 pins next to the hall effect sensor, so I imagine that is where you connect the PIC Programmer apparatus directly to the plate, and this USB to PC. If so, which connect these 5 pins? I have not been able to see the explanation if any, and neither the shematic see because I only see the legs of RC free, if I could clarify I would be very helpful.
I am not sure what programmer you have but I highly recommend that you get a pickit2. You can plug the pickit2 straight into the circuit while the microcontroller is still in the circuit.
Some programmers may not support all microcontrollers, but the pickit2 does basically all pic microcontrollers I am quite sure!